In the northernmost hangar you will find a Danish fighter of the
type “Draken”. The aircraft was donated to the the to the museum
by the Historical Collection of the Danish air force in Karup. It
was brought to the museum in the spring of 2002. The aircraft is
a Saab F-35 “Draken”, built as a fighyter/bomber in Linköping by
the “Svenska Aeroplan Aktie-Bolag (SAAB). The design is known as
a “Delta wing”. For many years it was the only Delta-winged
aircraft in the world until the British-French passenger
aircraft Concord was built.
The fighter was equipped with a jet-turbine engine of the type
RM6C, built by Volvo Flygmotor AB in Trollhättan. The
first Draken flew in 1955, after several years spent with
designing and testing. For tactical reasons, the Draken were
designed to be able to use the existing Swedish motorways for
take-off and landing. The result of several years of test flying
and improving the design was a successful and good looking
aircraft which finally became a Swedish export product. When
Denmark needed to purchase a new hunter-aircraft during the
1960s, they had the choice between the American F-5 Freedom
Fighter, the French Mirage III and the Swedish Saab Draken. In
the end, the Draken won. Finland and Austria also purchased the
Swedish Draken for their air forces. Denmark placed two orders
for twenty Saab F-35 aircraft, a further twenty RF-35 and six
TF-35. Later on they ordered five more TF-35’s. Since the
aircraft had to fulfil the NATO requirements, a few changes were
made, such as larger fuel-tanks.
The aircraft exhibited is a single-seated fighter with
registration number A005. It was completed on 16 February 1970
and received by the Danish Air force on 23 October of the same
year. Until it was phased out in 1993, it flew in Danish
airspace, performing patrols over the Baltic Sea and the Great
Belt, in co-operation with the Langelandsfort and ships of the
Danish Navy. It could attack targets both on land and at sea.
Its armament could consist of machine-guns, missiles and bombs.
The annual flying time varied between under 100 and 250 hours.
Some of the Draken aircraft were equipped with cameras for photo
reconnaissance. Especially fleet-movements of the Warsaw-pact
navies in the Baltic Sea were followed very attentively. The
cameras were placed in the nose of the aircraft. In 1980 all
aircraft were modernized with new weapons-control- and
navigation systems. In the service of the Danish air force the
Draken proved itself as a very reliable hunter-fighter jet,
which was easy to fly. Of the 51 aircraft that were purchased
and were divided into two squadrons (ESK 725 and ESK 729), only
nine crashed in the period between 1975 and 1999.
The Draken aircraft were phased-out in 1999, but a few of them,
such as A005, were kept as exhibits for museums.